Dale’s Cone of Experience is a visual device that is meant to summarize Dale’s classification system for the varied types of mediated learning experiences (Molenda, 2004).
Dale’s Cone of Experience is a common visual that our design team utilizes when developing courses. The level at which each experience is considered varies by topic, the audience, and the institute that we create the courses for. We can often risk selective emphasis due to time constraints and rapid development. This can be countered by an evaluation team that considers and makes recommendations prior to production of the course.
So, how can we use visuals to support learning?
Visuals can make abstract more concrete, motivate students, help to direct attention to the important content areas, assist in recall, and reduce learning efforts (Smaldino, et al., 2015). More specifically I can demonstrate visuals through the following methods:
- Photos – Within my workplace, we use photos to illustrate architecture or concrete objects, capture important events and activities, and for general study aids (Smaldino, et al., 2015).
- Drawings – Within my workplace, drawings are used to graphically represent or demonstrate a concept. Drawings illustrate particular areas of instruction (Smaldino, et al., 2015).
- Charts – Charts visually demonstrate abstract visualizations or chronologies. Charts are used within my workplace to define a concept or instructional purpose (Smaldino, et al., 2015).
- Graphs - Graphs are utilized within my workplace to demonstrate visually numerical data or information. Graphs make understanding data a bit easier for our learners (Smaldino, et al., 2015).
- Posters – Posters are used within my workplace to collectively gather important information in the form of text, illustrations, graphs, and charts to advertise or inform of a specific content area (Smaldino, et al., 2015).
- Cartoons – Fictional caricatures, cartoons are used in my workplace to appeal to the audience with a smaller piece of information (Smaldino, et al., 2015).
Molenda, M. (2004). Cone of experience. In Kovalchick, A. & Dawson, K. (Eds.) Education and technology: An encyclopedia (pp. 161-168). Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO.
Smaldino, S. E., Lowther, D. L., Russell, J. D., & Mimis, C. (2015). Instructional technology and media for learning (11th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.